Friday, December 17, 2010


Niadtong wala pay kurente sa Inopacan, ang mga bata magtapokay (bisan na mga hamtong) aron magtag-anay og tigmo. Bida gyud kaayo ang makauna og hatag sa ensakto nga tubag. Seguro makahinumdom mo ani kung inyong basahon ang mga mosunod nga mga tigmo.

Ang dili makatubag moingon na lang intawon nga "surender ko" para tug-anan na lang sa tubag (kana kung ihatag sa nagtigmo)

1. Sa gabii bukharon ingon og dahon; sa adlaw murag tinustos kay rolyohon. (Unsa man!!!?)

2. Kaban sa pari, kung ablihan dili na mauli. (Unsa man!!!?)

3. Lungon ni lolo, ang sulod nga patay daghan kaayo. (Unsa man!!!?)

4. Sa layo pa mura'g motor; sa duol na mura'g doktor (Unsa man!!!?)

5. Lampin ni Maria, ilabog lang kay walay laba-laba (Unsa man!!!?)

6. Ulo ni Maria may korona; unya daghan pud siya og mga mata (Unsa man!!!?)

7. Ulo ni Pedro; ang sulod puro bato. (Unsa man!!!?)

8. Mitago si Pedro; pero migimaw ang ulo. (Unsa man!!!?)

9. Motindog ko; mohigda siya. Mohigda ko; motindog siya. (Unsa man!!!?)

10. Kung moadto ko, moadto pud siya; Kung asa ka; tua pud siya (Unsa man!!!?)

11. Walay ulo pero nagkalo lagi; wala molarga o magsakay, pero moagi (Unsa man!!?)

12. Adunay nawong pero walay mata, ilong, ug baba; Walay tiil pero modagan (Unsa man!!?)

13. Kabayo ni Juan sige lang og kaon, pero dili modagan (Unsa man!!!?)

14. May duha ka guwardiya sa duha ka langub nga magsige og sulod-gula o mang-ung-ong (Unsa man!!!?)

15. Ang anak nagpungko lang, samtang ang inahan nagsige pa og kamang (Unsa man!!!)

16. Kung maglakaw sa buntag, upat ang tiil; inigkaudto, duha ang tiil; ug inigkahapon, tulo ang tiil (Unsa man!!!)

17. Kamote sa Leyte bahong iti! Sa ilawom paniti (Unsa man!!!?)

18. Um-um lang ug um-um; Dili mahurot kay dili man matulon (Unsa man!!!?)

19. Dakong itlog, tam-is ang sabaw; makabusog. (Unsa man!!!?)

20. Ang sabaw isalibay; unod ra ang kan-on og tiunay (Unsa man!!!?)

21. Dili langit o kawanangan pero may mga adlaw ug mga buwan (Unsa man!!!?)
21. Daghang tawo, pero mingaw (Unsa man!!!?)

Puwede usohon nato og usab aron mabuhi og balik ang kanhi kalingawan sa wala pay internet games og social networking. Hala, puwede baya ipadala via text ning mga tigmoa aron ma-challenge ang utok og paminsar kung unsaon pagsulbad ang mga tanghaga nga nagpaluyo sa mga analogies ug symbolism sa mga tigmo. Mura ni og karaan nga crossword puzzle sa mga Inopacnon.

Hala sige, kung ganahan ka, dugangi pa og salmot ning mga tigmoa!

Kadtong mi-surender na kay di jud tawn makatag-an, kalingawi na lang og pindot nang "Older Post" link sa ubos hangtod moabot ka sa "Tubag sa mga tigmo


Thursday, December 16, 2010

FREE Cebuano-English Dictionary by an Inopacnon lexicographer

Avail and take advantage of this FREE copy of Edgie Polistico's digital CEBUANO-ENGLISH DICTIONARY. Click here for FREE download

This dictionary was first conceptualized by Edgie in Inopacan in1985.

Help him pursue with this project and in his research on Filipino languages.

This project is for all the Inopacnons out there!

Download your FREE copy here

Send your help for this project.

Wednesday, December 8, 2010

Have you seen the "sigbin" while in Inopacan.

I remember the time when "radyo baktas" in town, which as usual was anchored by a rumourmonger, spread the news that a boy was attacked by the dreaded "sigbin." The poor boy was found in the middle of the coconut field already blue and black on one side and very pale on the other side, lifeless and seemed to be emptied of its blood. What caused the people to panic and rushed to gather their children in their houses is the alleged punctured bite marks found on the foot of the lifeless child. Everybody was convinced that a “sigbin" attacked the child.

In the 70’s and 80's (even in early 90’s), if you truly came from Inopacan, you must have heard the old story that there was a witch in Sitio Bacungbacung of Brgy. Linao who kept a sigbin as a pet. People in town thought that sigbin is a diabolic creature that follows whatever its master has commanded to do. When it is untethered and released by the witch and allowed to go outside, the sigbin is expected to perform a scary act or a demonic attack on unsuspecting prey in the darkness of the night. By day time, the master would tether this unusually hideous pet and hid it in a cage covered with dark cloth and kept in a secret room.

It was told that sigbin is a nocturnal being; it sleeps at day most of the time and wide awake by night time. It creeps out the cage and could easily pass through the smallest hole or recesses in the wall and could jump high over the bushes in the field, moving very very fast. It never faces forward. When on a stationary position, it would keep its guard by bending its head down below its groin and peeps through between its muscular thighs as if it is viewing the world up-side-down. It has two very big round eyes, the size of a “platito” (small dish plate), that seldom blink. The eyes would keep on staring toward the back and the sigbin would slowly move backward if it needs to change location. When disturbed, it would quickly straighten up and stand up and hop like a big kangaroo; the big hind legs hold the ground while the front limbs are clutching its breast and in split second it would kick the ground, jump fast and quick that human eye could not chance to have a glimpse of it. Instantly, it’s gone to nowhere.

What makes sigbin dreadful is when the master would decide to use the sigbin in taking revenge against those who had disappointed, offended, humiliated, or scorned the witch. The consequence would be frightening. When the night is over, people would hear the morning news from “radyo baktas” that somebody was found dead with a bite marks in the body with all blood sucked out.

Terrified. Yes, I was terrified listening to this story while I was a little boy in my days in Inopacan. My nanay is sternly reprimanding me and my sister if we happen to be not within our mother’s sight. The alarm would last weeks before the situation mellowed down and normalized.

When I was already in my early teens, I remember one afternoon when I saw Nising and his siblings (they are the children of Mr. William Cabigas, a carpenter who has a house at the spillway or that lot in between the two old wooden bridges of Inopacan river) having a commotion near a thick undergrowth of kagingking (a species of thorny and sturdy kind of bamboo). Feeling concerned because the kagingging is in our land, I approached them and asked what they were up to. I was told that they were chasing a skinny sigbin that came to hide in the thicket beneath the kagingking trees. Nising and his siblings were armed with big “tirador” (rubber sling) and round pebbles as pellets ready for firing the suspected “sigbing.” Well, though a bit shaky, I was instantly urged to help them catch the sigbin, I thought anyway that it was skinny and perhaps our number would overpower this hideous creature. I picked a big stick and we surrounded the kagingking tree making sure the sigbin could not pass through away unnoticed. We have the “kagingking” under sieged. Then there was a shout from one of us that he saw the sigbin and the rest of us rushed to gather to his side to help him attack the sigbin. But when we got there, the creature disappeared; it managed to slip and escape through the other side that we abandoned. All of us gave a chase along the coconut and banana field. But the sigbin has gone far beyond our sight. In between gasps, we admitted that we lost it.

The kagingking tree is still there until now. Last year, when I made a round of tour on our piece of land beside the Inopacan river, I was refreshed of the incident when I passed by the tree. That thought gave me goose bumps all over the skin in my head, neck and arms. Thanks and the underbrush is no longer that thick when we chased the sigbin. That big-eyed demon might not be hiding there for sure. But still I had that tingling sensation of panic that what if that sigbin is no longer skinny now and is getting stronger, ready to plunge. Bah, I quickly changed my imagination and simply entertained the thought that the sigbin is certainly very old now and too weak to stage a stupid charge.

But still, I never actually saw the sigbin. Whatever they were chasing, I hope it was not because they described it as a small creature that runs like a dog with a scary face and lost most of its hair in the body. I had in my mind that it could have been a “chupacadabra” a blood sucker that can be lightly considered as the cousin of sigbin. There are reported cases in the Philippines that chupacadabra attacked fowls, pigs, and other farm animals. But talking about chupacadabra here is another story.

Despite my experience, I’m not sure if sigbin is true. Perhaps our folks were too quick in jumping to conclusion by merely judging the situation on sketchy and dubious assumptions. There was no factual basis. Some say that our parents invented the story so that we would not wander around especially at night. Hmm, sounds like a psychological warfare, a traumatic story used in disciplining young ones.

I never heard that there was a follow up investigation conducted by the authorities on the alleged sigbin that killed a boy. By the way, I learned this while I was in college that there was this group from VISCA (Visayas State College of Agriculture) who tried to gather factual information about sigbin for a sort of a special study. They even offered a hefty sum of money to those who can bring them a real sigbin (dead or alive) for documentation. Until now, there’s no news if they already found one. It is the same group who tried to search the species of fabled “nangka” (jackfruit) that would bear fruits underground.

I browsed through the video clips in Youtube but found dubious and fake movie of sigbin instead.

Now tell me, what is your story of sigbin wandering in our town?

Saturday, June 12, 2010


Curators would understand why the framed original painting of Confeccion de la Standarte Nacional (Making of the Philippine Flag) by Fernando Amorsolo would shout at me in this picture, "Touch me not!"
But I dared to connect myself to the symbol of our country. I'm proud Filipino. Proud Visayan. And proud Inopacnon!Yes, let me say again - I'm proud that I'm one of you!.

Today is June 12, the commemoration of Philippine Independence Day from Spanish colonization.

Last December 2009, I got this rare opportunity to stand next to the original Fernando Amorsolo's painting depicting the historical making of the Philippine flag in Hong Kong (so it's made from Hong Kong like most of surplus wares and items sold in the market). This frame hangs behind the desk of COB-CEO Vicente R. Ayllón in the 30th Level of Insular Life Corporate Centre (ILCC) in Filinvest Corporate City in Alabang.

The following are excerpts from the Philippine Star's feature article in Arts and Culture on December 01, 2008:

“Did you know that during the post-war period, Insular Life commissioned Fernando Amorsolo to create a series of paintings of historical events to be put in our offices (and which were subsequently used in Insular Life calendars from the late ’50s to the ’80s) — and we paid him P1,000 each?” says the very amiable Ayllón, whose knowledge of Philippine art is astounding. “I was sent by Fernando Zobel to talk to Amorsolo and he was a very nice person. So soft-spoken.”

"Ayllón points to a painting behind his desk that highlights the chairman’s office: “Confeccion de la Standarte Nacional (Making of the Philippine Flag).” “We bought that for just a thousand pesos, would you believe?” says an amazed Ayllón. “The value of that painting now is much, much more.”

"In the painting, three women (symbolic of Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao) are sewing the Filipino flag, laden with history and the proud fruit of revolutions and revaluation. An essential visual document. A national treasure. Something inarguably priceless."

Edgie Polistico with Mr. Vicente "Ting" R. Ayllón, the Chairman of the Board (COB) and Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of Insular Life

MAIN PAGE: INOPACAN, LEYTE and the Inopacnons


Tuesday, June 8, 2010

OMG! The kids were allowed to bet and play gambling in town.

I arrived in Inopacan on the eve of the town fiesta (14 May2010). My folks at home warmly welcomed me and ushered me to my room. After having our dinner, I went to the town proper supposedly to watch the search for Mr. and Mrs. Inopacan 2010, but was disappointed when I found out that the organizers did not pay much attention in organizing the affair as well as in their preparations. 

It was around 10:00 PM and I saw nobody (not a single guest) on any of the chairs arranged in clusters along the side of the open-field tennis court. The venue of the supposed beauty pageant's night was empty.
There were about four ladies posing as gate keepers. When asked why the place is empty, it was an excuse for them that the organizers and committee members of the fiesta celebration were busy attending to and supporting the campaign sorties of their local candidates - the May 10 national and local elections were their priorities that almost coincided with the fiesta celebration (the same reason why there was also no follow-up presentation for the Inong Pak-an festival this year). 

The supposed candidates for the search of Mr. and Mrs Inopacan did not come on time, some begged off because for them it was not after all a competition as the supposed winners were handpicked and pre-selected already. Besides, the coronation ceremony they set on that night was uninviting. 

After a long wait, the pseudo-beauty contest went through late that night (or was it already past midnight) while I was somewhere spending my time watching games at the "peryahan" (carnival) instead.


The amusement games were held at the reclamation area (formerly called Pasil), side by side with the ukay-ukay (used cloth ing sale) and night sale. It was hard for me to enjoy at the peryahan when the place was swarmed by young kids. 

To my estimate, 80% of the people at the peryahan were children. Not simply because they were children. What bothered me a lot was the fact that everywhere were young kids betting their games, errr...what I mean exactly is that they were into gambling. 

I saw no law enforcers around the place or any committee member of the amusement games organizer to oversee the temporary amusement park they installed. 

There were young and older mothers betting the games while nursing their babies. 


I even saw hantak (the game of cara y cruz, where 3 coins are tossed on a slab of stone and bets are placed on which side of the coins would face up - head or tail.) played in open sight with a father coaching his son on what side of the coin to bet for. 

The pictures here would tell you more.


If you were me, would you not bother to criticize? 

Is this the kind of amusement that we should offer to our innocent kids in town? 

Should we excuse the kids because it was only during fiestas? 

Can we tolerate this values?

On the other side, why nobody was policing the activities? 

Where the officers and leaders too tired to sleep away the night after losing the election?

OMG! If the statue of Jose Rizal (that remains standing a hundred meters away from the peryahan) could only speak and walk down the pedestal, it could have already scolded and preached us that "the youth is the hope of our nation" and we should not corrupt their minds with vices and other immoralities.


Monday, May 17, 2010

Inopacan Fiesta 2010 marred by 2 incidents of killing - leaving 3 dead in town

MAIN PAGE: INOPACAN, LEYTE and the Inopacnons
The people of Inopacan were shocked last night upon learning that 3 people died in two separate incidents while most of Inopacnons and their guests were celebrating the feast of St. IsidoreLito Morata allegedly stabbed to death two of their guests, one of whom was the former lover of his younger sister. While Totoy Balina was hacked to death by the brother of Aracelli (a.k.a. Black Jack) in BLISS housing.

In his Sunday morning first mass today, Msgr. Sabondo, the parish priest, shared in his homily that last night he saw people milling around the dead body of a male person lying on the ground along the San Vicente street in Brgy. Tinago. Fr. Sabundo who was then wandering around with his motorbike, stopped and checked it out, saw the dead body, and learned that the lifeless victim was stabbed to death over an old grudge.

From another source, it is learned that the suspect, Lito Morata, allegedly was harboring anger against the victim who allegedly was a former lover of the suspect's younger sister. It was gathered that the victim, along with four of his companions, dropped by at the house of the suspect to visit and join their fiesta celebration. Displeased by the presence of their guests, the suspect who was armed with a knife confronted the victim and his companion. Thus the start of the commotion and the victim was eventually knifed in the belly. The wounded victim managed to escape but the suspect chased him down the street until the victim fell on the ground, leaving behind a trail of blood from the house. Allegedly, one of the victim's companions was also stabbed to death when he attempted to meddle in the incident.

In BLISS housing, a separate hacking incident took place in the house of Aracelli, alyas Black Jack. People from BLISS were startled upon learning that Black Jack's alleged lover, Totoy Baliña, was hacked in the neck and head. It was learned later that the lone suspect was Black Jack's brother, who harbored ill feeling against the victim. The suspect allegedly was irked upon learning that his sister Black Jack was manhandled by Totoy Baliña over an issue of jealousy that night. When the suspect saw his sister having a bruise on her temple, he attacked and shouted at the victim “Romansaha na, ayaw ug kulataha!” (Make love with her, don't maul her!) while in the process of hacking the victim at the neck then at the head. The victim who was then treating the bruise on Black Jack’s temple was caught off guard by the sudden turn of events. One of Black Jack’s fingers was also amputated when the suspect gave that fatal hacking blow on the victim. Unsatisfied, the suspect allegedly even lunged the bolo several times into the side of the victim before leaving the scene of the crime.

Those who responded to rescue saw the injured Black Jack and the lifeless Totoy in a state of holding hands together, satirically described by Msgr. Sabondo as "till death do us part."


Sunday, May 16, 2010


MAIN PAGE: INOPACAN, LEYTE and the Inopacnons
We missed the Inong Pak-an Festival this year.

The 2008 and 2009 organizers of Inong Pak-an Festival failed to continue this year (2010) the festive showdown of commemorating the legendary origin of our town's name. Blamed it on the 2010 National and Local Election that culminated on May 10, or five days before the May 15 ecclesiastical town fiesta in honor to our patron saint, San Isidro Labrador. Everybody in town and in member barangays were too busy attending to the campaign sorties of their candidates.

I suppose, the newly elected council of Inopacan should establish the creation of a cultural and social committee to preserve and promote our cultural treasure and historical identity.

I even suggest the installation of a municipal museum and public library where all the literary works, relics, memorabilia of olden times and history about Inopacan and about us Inopacnons would be stored and preserved for perpetuity.

Or else, rust, termites, and loss of memory and references will vanish these treasures to oblivion.


Tuesday, May 11, 2010

Result of May 10, 2010 Local Election in Inopacan, Leyte

INOPACAN, LEYTE and the Inopacnons
The result of the May 10, 2010 local election in Inopacan, Leyte

Congratulations to our new set of local executive leader, his vice, and councilors.

May you uphold the true meaning and purpose on why the majority of Inopacnons have chosen you last Monday.

Your term to serve our town and townspeople is not long to last. It's what you will do in your term that would last forever.


Tuesday, March 2, 2010

THE LEGEND OF INOPACAN (in my years of research)

(Click the image to view actual size and find your place in the Poblacion area)
 Inopacan – [Leyte] (demonym: Inopacnon) *(n.) A coastal town in the western part of Leyte province. The original site of Inopacan was in Binitinan (now Brgy. Guadalupe). Due to the frequent invasion and pillage of Moro pirates and the wrath of monsoon storms making it bad to moor their galleons in the area, they transferred the village to the present location of this town, which was then called Kanamokan, meaning, “place of mosquitoes” because of its pesky namok (mosquito). 

The relocation was intended to spare early Spanish missionary priests and the native settlers from the attacks of Moro marauders. Besides, the present location is along the seaside and the mooring galleons were well guarded by the Cuatro Islas (four islets): Digyo, Mahaba, Apid, and Himokilan. The place is strategically a good place for hiding galleons from the wrath of habagat (south or southwest monsoon winds). Nearby the town proper is a place where the ships and fishing boats would take refuge during bad weather even to these days. The people called this place Tinago from the word “tago” meaning “hidden.” Thus, “tinago” means “the hidden place.”

*Much of the documents that could be a good source for learning about the history of Inopacan were destroyed when the town hall as well as the parish church and its convent were leveled into rubbles as the Japanese war planes bombed these buildings during the World War II. But based on the account of Inopacnon elders and records from neighboring towns, Inopacan was once a barangay of Hindang. with Fernando Polistico (a Boholano) as the first appointed Capitan del Barrio, and was succeeded by Francisco Espinosa, and lastly by Agustin Kudera before Inopacan became a town on December 06, 1892.

*The name Inopacan came from the legendary person known as “Inong pak-an,” which means “Inong who have wings” or “winged Inong.” Inong was a mythical man who according to legend was a person who can ran very fast and jump up high over the trees and could hop from one place to another as in from hill to hill. Hence, he was thought to have wings. His story happened before the Spanish came to this place. His supernatural abilities is similar to olden esoteric arts called kamal or ilmu which was practiced by the early Muslim aristocrat in southern Mindanao. Kamal is taught by special masters and was effectively limited to members of the aristocracy. Inong could be a rajah or a sultan under the aristocratic lineage of either the endatuan or dumatus. This fit to his description being a leader of a pack of local warriors. He and his men protected the local villagers by driving away Moro bandits and the much dreaded giant serpentine snake that once lived in a cave. 

The cave has an entrance opening at the tip of a cape now called “bay sa has” (literally means as “the house of snake”, a seaside limestone cave where the giant reptile used to live). The huge serpentine snake was dreaded by the local villagers because it attacked their carabaos, cows, goats, pigs, dogs, and other animals especially when the snake was hungry. Even the fishermen who were on their sakayan (outriggered rowing canoe), or baroto (small frail rowing boat), or the Muslim pirates who were on their pankos (sailboat) were not spared from the attack if they happened to pass by near the mouth of the cave. 

Until one night, under the light of a bright full moon, the snake was seen playing the trabungko, a brightly illuminating crystal ball. The snake tossed it up in the air while skimming the surface of the sea between the islets of Cuatro Islas. It is believed that the ball was a mystical amulet and has birtud (magical power), and Inong was among those who saw the snake playing the trabungko.

The entrance of Bay-sa-has (house of snake) at present. (Photographs credit to Ms. Eldeross Kirong)
The long search for the trabungko could be one of the reasons why Inong came to this place. Because of his desire to acquire the mystical ball, Inong chased the giant snake by hopping from the shore his boat then to the islet and to another boat as if he had some sort of flying skill. Using his sword and shield and with the show of his supernatural strength, Inong fought the ferocious giant serpentine snake. After a long fight, Inong disappeared along with the giant snake. Because of their subsequent disappearance, everybody thought that Inong succeeded in killing the giant snake. Few had told that Inong got the trabungko and lived a quiet life in a cave in the jungle on top of Mt. Sacrepante overlooking the nearby plains. Others accounted that they saw him on the hilly karst of Bontoc in Brgy Bulacan in the northeastern part of Hindang where many caves are can be found; or most probably, he went back to his origin in Mindanao bringing home the treasured trabungko.

The Inong Pak-an Festival

There were some accounts of succeeding great tambalans (a.k.a. albularyo, referred to as the local shaman or quack doctors) before World War II that they happened to have an encounter with Inong in the mountains and network of caves in Inopacan that are connected with the caves in Bulacan, Hindang and to the Cuatro Islas. These tambalans told that they had to pass a test, such as solving a puzzle, complete a tahas (task), or face a fight of strength with Inong, in order to receive more magical power from him. This kind of ordeal is typical to that of a special master who taught or passed knowledge of kamal to others.

 *Years later, back to the cave in the cape, there were few big snakes left in the Baysahas long after the giant serpentine one was gone. Mostly were sawa (boa constrictor). The snakes were quite big but no longer giant, but still these creatures were feared by the local villagers. According to old folks, it was during World War II that the big snakes were gone because the Japanese occupation armies annihilated them by trolling in the sea carcasses and other big chunks of meat stuffed with bombs. The snakes took the bait and were killed by the explosives. Nowadays, no more sightings of big snake in Baysahas is reported. The cave still exists now, though its opening is already narrow and partly covered with stones and sands.

The Inopacan bridge that crosses over the subang daku and subang gamay

Welcome to Inopacan. DALI KAMO! DUAW KAMO!




(The Tree)

ni Edgie Polistico

Nagtindog sulod sa mga katuigan
Mahilomong nagpuyo
Nagaawit uban sa hinuyohoy
Naningkamot sa pagtubo

Milipang uban sa kinaiyahan
Gipahimsog ang mga gamot ug sanga
Gawasnong binuhat
Para sa mga binuhat nga gawasnon

Tigpanalipod sa yuta
Batok sa mapintas nga kinaiyahan
Nagpandong sa mga nilalang
Nagsangga sa mga katubigan

Pangandoy makab-ot ang langit
Diha sa pailub nga pagtubo
Maunongong gamot mikupkop sa yuta
Pakamatyan niya ang pagbiya

MAIN PAGE: INOPACAN, LEYTE and the Inopacnons
(c) edgiepolistico
written while spending breaktime at the UPBotanical Garden in
Tacloban City (9:30-9:45AM)

Sunday, February 28, 2010

Tubag sa mga tigmo


1. banig (bukharon sa gabii aron katulgan, irolyo inig mata aron hiposon) 2. itlog (dili na gyud ni mauli kung mabuak na) 3. posporo (ang mga bilog sa posporo gipareho ingon og mga patay nga gisulod sa usa ka dako nga lungon) 4. lamok (ang tingog kung maglupad-lupad paduol mura og motor, kung makapaak ingon og ineksyon sa doktor) 5. puso sa saging (mangahulog na man lang gud ang panit sa puso sa saging) 6. pinya (ang pungpong sa tangkay ibabaw sa bunga sa pinya maoy korona, unya daghan pud og mata and bunga) 7. bayabas (aw, kasabot ka na ani nganong batoon ang sulod) 8. lansang (mogimaw gyud ang ulo ani) 9. lapa-lapa sa tiil (himatikdi kuno ni kung motindog o mohigda ka) 10. anino (aw, dili gyud mo magbulag hangtod sa hangtod) 11. ballpen (ang takob maoy kalo, and sulat ani maoy agi) 12. relo/orasan (may nawong pero dili pareho sa ato, unya moingon man ta nga midagan na ang oras) 13. kagoran (kasabot kana kung ngano nga dili modagan bisan sigehan og hungit sa kagdunon) 14 sip-on (niadtong bata ka pa, di ba singhot ka lang ug singhot sa nag-ung-ong mong sip-on) 15 pakwan (puwede pud ang kalabasa, and bunga maoy anak unya ang ganas o punoan maoy nanay) 16 tawo (obviously from Greek mythology where the half-lion and half-man Sphinx sat outside of Thebes and asked this riddle of all travelers who passed by: "What goes on four legs in the morning, on two legs at noon, and on three legs in the evening?"); 17 batikulon sa manok (mao man ni ang gigikanan sa mahimong iti sa ginhawaan sa manok, unya kung imong ihawon ang manok, ang batikulon pikason gyud unya hiwaon aron panitan sa kubalon ani nga putos sa ilawom); 18 dila (sukad sa sukad di ba sige ka lang og um-um sa imong dila pero di gyud nimo puwede tunlon, di ba?); 19 butong (gisusama sa dakong itlog ang hitsura aning bunga, tam-is ug lamian gyud kaayo ang unod ug sabaw niani. Segurado mabusog ka sa usa lang ka butong); 20 nilun-ag nga bugas (til-ogan man gyud nimo una ang bugas, unya ilabog ang sabaw nga gigamit sa paghugas sa bugas aron puwede na nga lutoon ang bugas para mahimo nga kan-on); 21 kalendaryo (naa lagi ni mga buwan (months) ug mga adlaw (days) pero wala gyuy langit; 22 sementeryo (di na man seguro kinahanglan pa nga i-explain nganong mingaw man ning lugara bisan og naa daghang tawo nga gipanglubong)



MAIN PAGE: INOPACAN, LEYTE and the Inopacnons
I sourced the following list of local candidates in Inopacan for this coming May 10, 2010 election, so the Inopacnons around the world will know who are running to vie for local political position in our hometown. (Thanks, Dovie)

The candidates under the ticket of incumbent administration are:

Janice A.Lloren - Mayor
Ben Lloren - Vice Mayor
Dominador Megias - Sangguniang Bayan (SB)
Atty.Hugo Kudera - (SB)
Atty. Epitacio "Pepe" Lloren - (SB)
Efren Sumabong - (SB)
Aida Balabat - (SB)
Casiana "Asing" Omapas - (SB)
Edito Navales Jr. - (SB)
Bobong Dolayba.- (SB)

The opposition line up has the following candidates:

Silvestre "Loloy" Lumarda - Mayor (incumbent vice mayor)
Jojo Pua - Vice Mayor
Lourdes Villas - (SB)
Andres Evangelista - (SB)
Diosdado Siao - (SB)
Romeo Buhi - (SB)
Ariel Chiong- (SB)
Ernesto "Tagoloy" Joseph - (SB)
Eufronio Manapsal - (SB)

The political arena looks like a fight between the Lloren clan and the incumbent vice mayor.


MAIN PAGE: INOPACAN, LEYTE and the Inopacnons

Inopacan is composed of 20 barangays. Each of them has its own story to tell. If you know something on how they got their names,share it to us. You may also tell us something about their history, their people (who's who), mythologies, practices, fiestas, foods, and even personal experiences and memories, humor (or jokes), and whatever that interest you.

The following are the 20 barangays of my hometown, Inopacan:

* Apid (island)
* Cabulisan
* Caminto
* Can-angay
* Caulisihan
* Conalum
* De los Santos (Mahilum)
* Esperanza
* Guadalupe (Binitinan)
* Guinsanga-an
* Hinabay
* Jubasan
* Linao
* Macagoco
* Maljo
* Marao
* Poblacion
* Tahud
* Taotaon
* Tinago


MAIN PAGE: INOPACAN, LEYTE and the Inopacnons
The name is from the word "Tao" or "tawo" meaning the people, and the word "Taon" or "tawon" meaning to evacuate to a higher ground. The early settlers in this place were always bothered by the overflowing Inopacan River that forced them to move to nearby higher grounds. Thus, "Tao-taon" means the place where the people kept on moving to a higher ground when the Inopacan river overflowed. The old river bed that traversed across this place is now dried up and had been cultivated to become at present an open field farm, while a creek still exist on portion of the river bed that approaches to the sea, where nipa palms and mangrove trees now abound. The river changed its course to its present channel and is being prevented from returning to its old route by concrete dikes.



MAIN PAGE: INOPACAN, LEYTE and the Inopacnons
(Click the image to view actual size and find the location of Cabulisan and Caminto)

Brgy Cabulisan is used to be called as the "Little Baguio in Leyte" because its comparatively cold like the mountains of Baguio City in Benguet (Central Luzon). It sits on the ridge of highly elevated Mt. Sacrepante right on the foot of the mountain wall where what looks like a big ball of rock is embedded. The place is overlooking the Camotes sea in the western part and the belfry of Inopacan Parish church can also be seen from the bordering hills, and one can have a distant view of the mountains in Mindanao across the southern horizon. While on the eastern side is the magnificent mountain ranges of Brgy. Caminto, a quiet and similarly cool place.

Long long time ago, there was a couple who first settled in the area. The wife's name is "Bulisang"and her husband was "Mintong." Eventually, the couple got separated due to petty quarrel. Bulisan stayed in their hut while Mintong went down to the lower ground of the valley and built another hut for him to stay. Thus, the nearby villagers called the two places as "Ka Bulisang" (Bulisang's place) and "Ka Mintong" (Mintong's place). As time passed by, the name stuck and became Cabulisan and Caminto.

Naming a place in this manner is common in olden times, such as the Kabinak (from "Ka Binak," meaning Binak's place) a hill situated along the border of Brgy Tinago and the fishpond of Lloren's.

Edgie Polistico



MAIN PAGE: INOPACAN, LEYTE and the Inopacnons

Shown in the picture is the Brgy. Tinago Fish Port and the legendary Baysahas, viewed from the backyard port of Tudio's residence.

During the Spanish time, even before then,the sea in this place is strategically good for hiding boats and galleons from the wrath of habagat (south or southwest monsoon winds).

The cape along Baysahas, where the first fish port is constructed is the all-time port for hiding and anchorage of big fishing boats called sinsuros and occasionally by some passenger ships from Hilongos and Bato.

So called Tinago because this is the place where the ships and fishing boats would take refuge during bad weather even to these days. The people called this place Tinago from the word tago meaning “hidden.” Thus, tinago means “the hidden one.”



Inopacan Parish Church (San Isidro Labrador Parish Church) – [San Roque Street, Poblacion, Inopacan, Leyte ] *(n.) Before the establishment of the municipality of Inopa can on December 06, 1892, a Catholic church was already built in this place but no priest was assigned to stay here. Later on, after founding the township of Inopacan, a Cura Párroco was assigned and the church was further developed.
But the church and its convent was destroyed by the invading Japanese forces in World War II (1945). The church was rebuilt after the war. Until now, its second bell tower remained unfinished as manifested by the steel bars that are still protruding upward. The finished tower on the other side of the church has a bell that produces a dull clang due to the big crack on its lip.

*The patron saint of Inopacan is San Isidro Labrador (St. Isidore the Laborer, a.k.a St. Isidore the Farmer) because the source of living in this town is largely from farming. A feast is celebrated every May 15 in honor to this Patron Saint. A legend was told by the Spanish missionaries that in Madrid, Spain there was a man named Isidro who was a tenant to Señor Vargas, a rich landlord in Madrid. Every m orning, instead of going directly to his farm like what the other tenants were doing, Isidro would hear mass first and offer his morning prayers to the Lord. In the afternoon, he would go home before six o’clock so that he could pray the Angelus together with his family. The neighbors began calling Isidro as lazy. They told the landlord that Isidro always came late to the field and that only a small portion of his farm had been cultivated. Angered, Señor Vargas confronted the saintly farmer one day and shouted “Isidro, you are lazy, deceitful man! You have never rendered a day’s work in the farm! You go there when the sun is already up and you go home when the sun is still up!” Isidro remained silent, not even a word of excuse or defense. Then, he bowed meekly his head and promised that he would plow the field and finish it in time for planting. Señor Vargas did not take Isidro’s promise seriously. One day, Señor Vargas went to Isidro’s farm to see if the farmer indeed kept his promise. To his great astonishment, Señor Vargas saw the field almost finished! He was filled with an immeasurable amazement upon seeing the four angels plowing the field! Then on another occasion, the master saw angels plowing along on both sides of Isidro that made Isidro’s work to equal that of three of his fellow laborers. Awed and humbled, Señor Vargas knelt before the saint and begged for forgiveness.

*Historians wrote that Isidro was born some time in 1070 near Madrid. He got married to Maria Torribia (who also became a canonized saint, and was venerated in Spain as Maria dela Cabeza, from the fact that her cabeza (head) is often carried in procession in time of drought). Is was told that their son fell into a deep well and at prayers of Isidro and of his wife Maria, the water in the well miraculously rose up to the ground’s surface level that brought the boy up alive and was easily taken out. Afterwards, Isidro and his wife made a bow of continence and obliged themselves to live in separate houses. Their son however died in his youth. Isidro died on May 15, 1130 in his place of birth. Forty years after his death, Isidro’s remains was transferred from cemetery to the church of Saint Andrew. It was told that his apparition was seen by Alfonso of Castile (Spain) wherein the saint showed the hidden path that surprised the Moors. Because of Isidore’s guidance, Alfonso won the war of Las Nevas de Tolosa in 1212. It was King Philip III of Spain who replaced the old reliquary (the case containing the relics) with one that is made of precious silver. It was the king’s way of showing his gratitude that after he touched the relics, he was cured from a dreadful disease. Isidro’s sainthood was canonized by Gregory XV on March 12, 1622 along with other saints: Ignacious, Francis Xavier, Teresa, and Philip Neri. The cities of Madrid, Leon, Zaragoza and Seville, all in Spain, honor San Isidro (Saint Isidore) as their patron saint.
MAIN PAGE: INOPACAN, LEYTE and the Inopacnons



Cuatro Islas – [Hindang and Inopacan, Leyte ] *(n.) The group of four islets off the western coast of Leyte province. One of the four islands is named Himokilan Island, which is under the municipal territory of Hindang.

A view of Cuatro Islas from the shore of Villa Editha at the boundary of Brgy. Esperanza and Brgy. Conalum.

(Click here to view much larger photo) photo by Edgie Polistico

Cuatro Islas is a promosing place for tourism to boom in this part of the region. But let’s not just focus our interest on the sea-level. We also have to look up high in the mountains where you can find the Little Baguio of Brgys. Cabulisan and Caminto. By putting up tourism in the sea and in the mountain, everything in between these two points will totally enjoy the benefits of tourism. We will soon be progressing our local transportation industry to and from these two points. Food and accommodations will spread out in the areas where tourist would be plying around. Of course, other progress will come along, such as development of commercial centers, parks, facilities, etc.. Tourism will surely put a new pin in the map to mark where in the globe Inopacan is.

 WHERE TO FIND THE CUATRO ISLAS - The map of Cuatro Islas 

(click the map to enlarge)
A view of Cuatro Islas from a hill in Brgy. Guadalupe (Binitinan) 

 (Click here to view much larger photo)

photo by Edgie Polistico

The Himokilan Island of Cuatro Islas
(photo by Edgie Polistico)

The other three, Mahaba, Apid, and Digyo islands belong to the munic ipality of Inopacan. The sea between the four islands and the mainland had long been the refuge to some ships and sinsuros (fishing vessels) that seek to hide from the wrath of monsoon wind and typhoons.

The Mahaba Island of Cuatro Islas (photo credit to Jes Surabia Polistico)

The powdery white sands of Digyo Island.
On the horizon are the Mahaba and Himokilan islands
(photo credit to Jes Surabia Polistico)

Apid (left) and Digyo islands
(photo by Edgie Polistico)

A view from a hill in Brgy. Guadalupe (formerly Binitinan), overlooking the Cuatro Islas of Inopacan.

Related post:  

But let’s not forget also the relics of time. We need a place to store the old things in town for the next generations to behold and be informed of stories and things of the past. We need to have our own museum or sort of like this.

As what I’ve said in one of my previous blog, I suggest the installation of a municipal museum and public library where all the literary works, relics, memorabilia of olden times and history about Inopacan and about us Inopacnons would be stored and preserved for perpetuity.

Or else, rust, termites, and loss of memory and references will vanish these treasures to oblivion.

He who does not look back will never reach the place he longs to go.

edgie polistico -.

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Author of Philippine Food, Cooking, and Dining Dictionary. A lexicographer since the age of 14.  Filipino Linguist. Blogger with 11 blog sites. Researcher of food culture, pop culture, places, structures, transportations, churches and whatever interest him about the Philippines. Visual artist. Photographer. Traveler who had been to all four corners of the Philippine archipelago, and still setting more footprints. 

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